Nasal Morbidity and Quality of Life After Endoscopic Transsphenoidal Surgery: A Single-Center Prospective Study.

Author:Schreiber A, Bertazzoni G, Ferrari M, Rampinelli V, Verri P, Mattavelli D, Fontanella M, Nicolai P, Doglietto F
Published on:World Neurosurg. 2018 Dec 5. pii: S1878-8750(18)32771-2.

Presentation

Scopo di questo studio è stato valutare la morbilità nasale degli approcci transsfinenoidali endoscopici per il trattamento delle malattie sellari e parascellari attraverso la valutazione della qualità della vita (QoL) e della funzione nasale. È stato anche studiato l'impatto di diversi approcci, in base all'entità e alla tecnica di ricostruzione.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to assess nasal morbidity of endoscopic transsphenoidal approaches (ETAs) for treatment of sellar and parasellar diseases through evaluation of quality of life (QoL) and nasal function. The impact of different ETAs, according to extent and reconstruction technique, was also studied.

METHODS:

Patients undergoing ETA for treatment of sellar or parasellar lesions were prospectively recruited and examined preoperatively and at 6 months after surgery according to the following workup: nasal endoscopy, rhinomanometry, acoustic rhinometry, University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test, Anterior Skull Base Nasal Inventory-12, Sino-nasal Outcome Test-22, and Short-Form Health Survey-36 (SF-36).

RESULTS:

Of 34 patients initially recruited, 29 completed follow-up examinations. Seven patients (24.14%) developed turbinoseptal synechiae; anterior septal perforations were observed in 3 patients (10.35%). More extended surgical dissection was associated with the presence of postoperative septal perforation and synechiae. No significant difference was noted between preoperative and postoperative results on the University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test, acoustic rhinometry, Sino-nasal Outcome Test-22, or Anterior Skull Base Nasal Inventory-12. There was a significant increase in nasal airflow after surgery and improvement of the Short-Form Health Survey-36 score in 4 of 8 domains.

CONCLUSIONS:

The modular ETA technique is associated with minimal morbidity and preserves nasal patency, airflow, and olfactory function. Quality of life is not affected and although small septal perforations and synechiae can be observed, nasal physiology is not compromised. Nonetheless, careful manipulation of sinonasal structures is recommended to minimize postoperative sequelae.

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